English Grammar In Urdu

Use Of Is Am Are In English And Urdu PDF

Use Of Is Am Are In English And Urdu

The use of “is,” “am,” and “are” is crucial in English grammar as they serve different functions depending on whether they are used as state-of-being verbs or action verbs. Understanding their usage is vital for constructing clear and meaningful sentences. These linking verbs establish connections between the subject and the predicate, providing information about the subject’s state of being or the action it is performing. In this article, we will explore the two main applications of “is,” “am,” and “are” as state-of-being verbs and action verbs, providing examples to enhance our understanding of their usage in the English language.

IS AM ARE As State of Being Verbs

When used as a state of being verbs, “is,” “am,” and “are” express the condition, quality, or existence of the subject. They indicate what the subject is like, how it is characterized, or its state at a given moment. Let’s look at some examples:

جب فعل ہونے کی حالت کے طور پر استعمال کیا جاتا ہے تو، ٖفاعل کی حالت، معیار یا وجود کا اظہار کرتے ہیں۔ وہ اس بات کی نشاندہی کرتے ہیں کہ ٖفاعل کیسا ہے، اس کی خصوصیت کیسی ہے، یا کسی لمحے اس کی حالت۔ آئیے کچھ مثالیں دیکھتے ہیں

  1. He is happy. (“is” expresses the state of happiness of the subject)
  2. I am tired. (“am” indicates the state of being tired in the first-person singular)
  3. They are intelligent. (“are” denotes the quality of being intelligent in the third-person plural)

In these examples, the state-of-being verbs “is,” “am,” and “are” help convey information about the subject’s state or condition, providing essential details for effective communication.

IS AM ARE With Action Verbs

In addition to their use as state-of-being verbs, “is,” “am,” and “are” can also function as action verbs, indicating the performance of an action by the subject. Let’s examine some examples:

  1. She is singing a beautiful song. (“is” denotes the ongoing action of singing by the subject)
  2. We are playing soccer in the park. (“are” indicates the ongoing action of playing soccer by the subject)
  3. They are studying for the exam. (“are” signifies the ongoing action of studying by the subject)

In these examples, the linking verbs “is,” “am,” and “are” act as helping verbs to convey the ongoing actions performed by the subjects.

Use Of Is In English Grammar

Meaning ہے
Tense Present Indefinite Tense, Present Continuous Tense
Subject He, She, It, Singular Subject
Use کسی چیز کی حالت بارے بیان کرنا، موجودہ زمانہ میں جاری کام کے ذکر کے لیے

State Of Being | حالت بیان کرنے کیلئے

Subject + Is + Remaining Sentence(Without Action Verb)

The cat is sleepy. بلی سوئی ہوئی ہے۔
The weather is beautiful today. آج موسم خوبصورت ہے۔
My favorite color is blue. میرا پسندیدہ رنگ نیلے ہوتا ہے۔
That building is tall. وہ عمارت بلند ہے۔
The bookshelf is sturdy. کتابوں کی الماری مضبوط ہے

Ongoing Action | موجودہ زمانہ میں جاری کام

Subject + Is +verb-ing + Remaining Sentence

She is studying for her exams. وہ اپنے امتحانات کی تیاری کر رہی ہے۔
The dog is chasing its tail. کتا اپنی دم کی پیچھے دوڑ رہا ہے۔
He is playing soccer with his friends. وہ اپنے دوستوں کے ساتھ فٹبال کھیل رہا ہے۔
The baby is sleeping peacefully. بچہ پرسکونی سے سو رہا ہے۔
They are preparing dinner in the kitchen. وہ خانے میں رات کا کھانا تیار کر رہے ہیں۔

Us of IS AM ARE IN ENGLISH AND URDU

Use Of AM In English Grammar

Meaning ہوں
Tense Present Indefinite Tense, Present Continuous Tense
Subject I
Use کسی چیز کی حالت بارے بیان کرنا، موجودہ زمانہ میں جاری کام کے ذکر کے لیے

State Of Being | حالت بیان کرنے کیلئے

I + am+ Remaining Sentence(Without Action Verb)

I am happy. میں خوش ہوں
I am very tired. میں  بہت تھکا ہوا ہوں
I am in the classroom. میں کلاس روم میں ہوں
I am very sleepy. مجھے بہت نیند آ رہی ہے۔
I am very confused. میں بہت کنفیوز ہوں

Ongoing Action | موجودہ زمانہ میں جاری کام

I + am+ verb-ing + Remaining Sentence

I am working. میں کام کر  رہا ہوں۔
I am going to market. میں مارکیٹ جا رہا ہوں
I am playing cricket with my friends. میں اپنے دوستوں ساتھ کرکٹ کھیل رہا ہوں
I am waiting for Ali. میں علی کا انتظار کر رہا ہوں
I am cleaning my room. میں اپنا کمرہ صاف کر رہا ہوں

Us of IS AM ARE IN ENGLISH AND URDU

Use Of ARE In English Grammar

Meaning ہیں
Tense Present Indefinite Tense, Present Continuous Tense
Subject We, You , They, Plural Subject
Use کسی چیز کی حالت بارے بیان کرنا، موجودہ زمانہ میں جاری کام کے ذکر کے لیے

State Of Being | حالت بیان کرنے کیلئے

Subject + Are+Remaining Sentence(Without Action Verb)

They are happy. وہ خوش ہیں۔
Flowers are beautiful. پھول خوبصورت ہیں۔
We are excited. ہمیں بہت بہت اشتیاق ہے۔
Children are tired. بچے تھک گئے ہیں۔
Students are intelligent. طلبہ ذہین ہیں۔

Ongoing Action | موجودہ زمانہ میں جاری کام

Subject + Are+ verb-ing + Remaining Sentence

They are playing outside. وہ باہر کھیل رہے ہیں۔
Birds are flying in the sky. پرندے آسمان میں اڑ رہے ہیں۔
We are eating dinner now. ہم اب رات کا کھانا کھا رہے ہیں۔
Children are laughing loudly. بچے بلند آواز میں ہنس رہے ہیں۔
The dogs are barking loudly. کتے بلند آواز میں بھونک رہے ہیں

Us of IS AM ARE IN ENGLISH AND URDU

Use Of IS AM ARE In English PDF

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