English Grammar In Urdu

Use Of Was Were In English And Urdu PDF

Use Of WAS and Were In English

In the English language, verbs play a crucial role in expressing actions, conditions, or states of being. Two important verbs that are frequently used are “was” and “were.” These verbs are not only integral to conveying past events but also have distinct functions as a state of being verbs and action verbs. Understanding their usage is essential for effective communication. This article will explore how “was” and “were” are utilized as both state-of-being verbs and action verbs, providing examples to illustrate their application in different contexts.

State of Being Verbs

As the state of being verbs, “was” and “were” express a state or condition that existed in the past. They indicate the state of someone or something at a specific time. “Was” is used with singular subjects, while “were” is used with plural subjects or the pronouns “you,” “we,” or “they.” Here are a few examples:

  1. She was tired after a long day at work.
  2. The house was old and rundown.
  3. They were excited about their upcoming vacation.
  4. We were friends since childhood.

In these examples, “was” and “were” help describe the condition or state of the subjects in the past. They convey a sense of being or existence during a specific period.

Action Verbs

In addition to being state-of-being verbs, “was” and “were” can also function as action verbs, indicating actions that occurred in the past. When used in this way, they are often followed by a present participle (-ing form) of the verb. Let’s look at some examples:

  1. He was running in the park.
  2. The children were playing happily.
  3. They were dancing at the party.
  4. We were talking about our plans for the weekend.

In these sentences, “was” and “were” serve as action verbs, describing the ongoing actions performed by the subjects in the past.

Use Of WAS In English And Urdu

 

Meaning تھا
Tense Past Indefinite Tense, Past Continuous Tense
Subject He, She, It, Singular Subject
Use کسی چیز کی حالت بارے بیان کرنا، زمانہ ماضی میں جاری کام کے ذکر کے لیے

State Of Being | حالت بیان کرنے کیلئے

Subject + was + Remaining Sentence(Without Action Verb)

I was happy. میں خوش تھا۔
He was tired. وہ تھکا ہوا تھا۔
She was a doctor. وہ ڈاکٹر تھی۔
They were excited. وہ لطف اندوز تھے۔
We were friends. ہم دوست تھے

Ongoing Action | گزرے زمانہ میں جاری کام

Subject + was +verb-ing + Remaining Sentence

She was singing a beautiful song. وہ ایک خوبصورت گانا گا رہی تھی۔
He was running in the park. وہ پارک میں دوڑ رہا تھا۔
The cat was chasing a mouse. بلی نے ایک چوہے کو پیچھا کیا تھا۔
I was reading a book last night. میں کل رات ایک کتاب پڑھ رہا تھا۔
They were dancing at the party. وہ لوگ میں پارٹی میں ناچ رہے تھے

Use Of WERE In English And Urdu

Meaning تھے
Tense Past Indefinite Tense, Past Continuous Tense
Subject We, You, They, Plural Subject
Use کسی چیز کی حالت بارے بیان کرنا، گزرے زمانہ میں جاری کام کے ذکر کے لیے

State Of Being | حالت بیان کرنے کیلئے

Subject + were +Remaining Sentence(Without Action Verb)

We were happy. ہم خوش تھے۔
They were students. وہ طالب علم تھے۔
You were tired. تم تھکے ہوئے تھے۔
The flowers were beautiful. پھول خوبصورت تھے۔
The books were on the shelf. کتابیں شیلف پر تھیں

Ongoing Action | گزرے زمانہ میں جاری کام

Subject + were + verb-ing + Remaining Sentence

They were eating dinner together. وہ دوست مل کر رات کا کھانا کھا رہے تھے۔
We were watching a movie at the cinema. ہم سینما میں ایک فلم دیکھ رہے تھے۔
The children were playing in the park. بچے پارک میں کھیل رہے تھے۔
The students were studying for the exam. طلباء امتحان کی تیاری کر رہے تھے۔
The birds were flying in the sky. پرندے آسمان میں اڑ رہے تھے

 

 

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